Aperture is the opening of a lens diaphragm through which light passes, it is calibrated f/stops and is generally written as numbers such as 1.4,2,2.8,4,5.6,8 and 11. The lower f/stops give more exposure because they represent the larger apertures, while the higher f/stops give less exposure because they represent smaller apertures. The best way to understand aperture is to think of it as the controls for the pupil of an eye – the wider it gets, the more light it lets in. Together, the aperture, shutter speed and ISO produce an exposure. The diameter of the aperture changes, allowing more or less light onto the sensor depending on the situation.
Shutter speed on a camera measures the time that a cameras shutter is open allowing light, usually after it has passed through the lens and through the aperture diaphragm to show a photosensitive surface like a digital sensor or film. You can use shutter speed creatively by abstract and creative blur, if you allow the light to come through your sense and fall onto the cameras sensor for a long time some of your image will blur. Also, low light exposures, you can do this in the early evening or evening if it has become dark. Slow shutter speed is mainly used in the occasion that you want to have a blurred effect in the image or you are trying to let more light into the camera. People use the blurred effect to emphasis certain points in there photographs. Fast shutter speed is used to ‘freeze moments’ to do this you need good lighting and a wide apertur which are often found on the more expensive lenses.
ISO- ISO on a camera is how much light is being absorbed in the lense and it measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The lower the ISO number, the less sensitive it is to the light where as a higher number on the camera increases the sensitivity.
The ISO on a camera is the level of sensitivity to available light. It is the most important and most expensive
part of a camera and it is responsible for gathering light and transforming it into an image. With increased sensitivity, your camera sensor can capture images in low-light environments without having to use a flash. But higher sensitivity comes at an expense – it adds grain or “noise” to the pictures.
Depth of field- Depth of field is the difference between the object closest to you and the furthest away to get a focused and perfect photograph. Shallow depth of field is when the photograph is focusing on one point in the image, for example if you were taking a picture of the flower, the flower would stand out and be clear in the photograph but the rest will be blurred.
Equipment considerations- For my photoshoot I decided to take photographs from my phone of the model at the beach so this was the only equipment I used for this particular shoot. Although, if I was to use a camera to take my photographs, I would need an SD card and a tripod to get some perfect still images. The lenses depend on what type of shot you want to get, you can have standard lenses, which are very natural images and use an angle that the eyes can comfortably view and wide angle lenses are used a lot for landscape photography as are able to capture more scenery in a single shot.
Portraits can be photos, painting, sculptures etc to represent a person. This particular portrait was taken by Sasha O which I think is very effective, the way her eyebrows, lipstick and hair are all the same dark colour which is intriguing, I also like the way it is out of focus as it really gives off the spooky sort effect. This photographer is a specialist in portraiture, she regularly shoots self-portraits that are inventive and colourful. Sasha is originally from Ukraine and now based in Belgium, she transforms herself in front of the camera with a mixture of flamboyant and exciting makeup designs and artistic ideas that shine through. My photoshoot will be based around portraiture, I will be taking photos of an individual on a rainy horrid day at the beach where her lipstick will match the colour of the sky and one on a sunny happy day where her lipstick will again then match the colour of the sky. Here are some other portraits that I found online.
Landscape is a picture of all the area and features of a part of land. I particularly like this Cityscape photograph of New York city because it really shows off the buildings as well as having the beautiful sunset and the moon in the corner.
Abstract photography focuses on the colour, shape, patterns and textures.
For my graphic narrative task I decided to make my own children story book, for those between the age of 4-7. The story book consists of 3 animal characters by the names Bip the bunny, Pop the panda and Tap the turtle. The structure of my graphic narrative is a linear story as it has a distinct beginning and end as it begins with them in the park and then goes onto them loosing the panda and the other two going into a abandoned house in the woods and that’s when the panda appears and it is the end, it does not end on a cliff hanger. I have done this due to the fact it is a children’s book, they may get confused if it was to end on a cliff hanger and they weren’t sure what happens at the end therefore, I structured the story so it had a ‘happy ever after’. I constructed my story the way I did so it would be suitable for my target audience which is young children between the age of 4 and 7. To do this I used cartoon backgrounds which were simple and exciting to look at, I made my characters cute and friendly so that when the children see these characters they will recognise them. Although I went for a few dark backgrounds when the characters are in the woods, I have made sure they aren’t to horrific or unsuitable for the audience.
To get inspiration for my book, I looked at existing children’s books such as peter rabbit, little bear, toot the tiny tugboat etc just to get an idea of what sort of thing I could construct. In terms of how creative I was, I think that this would have been better if I was to design my own backgrounds instead of using them from google. My original idea was to produce a comic with the same characters and a similar context. I changed my mind as I thought a story book would be more interesting and easier for the children to read and understand. I received some good feedback and some contructive feedback, a few said that they liked the animal characters, the front cover and the style of writing and some said that they think that it would have been more exciting if I was to have drawn my own backgrounds.
Aperture is the opening of a lens diaphragm through which light passes, it is calibrated f/stops and is generally written as numbers such as 1.4,2,2.8,4,5.6,8 and 11. The lower f/stops give more exposure because they represent the larger apertures, while the higher f/stops give less exposure because they represent smaller apertures.
Shutter speed on a camera measures the time that a cameras shutter is open allowing light, usually after it has passed through the lens and through the aperture diaphragm to strike a photosensitive surface like a digital sensor or film. You can use shutter speed creatively by abstract and creative blur, if you allow the light to come through your sense and fall onto the cameras sensor for a long time some of your image will blur. Also, low light exposures, you can do this in the early evening or evening if it has become dark. These images are compelling because the light trails from the vehicle seem to hang magically in the air while the vehicle itself is invisible.
ISO on a camera is
Depth of feild-
Good work Hannah, you have gained a Merit for your report and are working towards at Pass for task 2. You need to add to your film reviews and add to research log, this is where your analysis of your research should be.